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Marwari history

The Marwari horse is native to the Marwar region of India, and its origins are entwined with local folklore. According to Shri Mahant Baba Balak Dasji Maharaj, the head Priest of the Monastery at Kalabar, and a breeder of Marwari horses, the breed can be traced to a period, "when the ocean was churned to extract nectar for the Gods…a period when horses had wings."

The Rathores, a warrior clan of the Raiputs, were driven from their kingdom of Kannaju around the 12th century. The land in which they resettled was known as "Maru Pradesh" meaning the land of death. As the name implies, this was a desolate and harsh land that required an equally rugged horse. The native Marwari Horse proved particularly well suited for both the desert environment and its role as a battle horse for the Rathore cavalry.

During the Middle Ages, the principal occupation of the Rathores of Marwar was breeding Marwari Horses. The Raiputs fielded a cavalry consisting of more than 50,000 horses under the reign of Mogul emperor Akbar.

The Marwari's homing instinct helped save many a rider's life. They were famous for bringing back riders who became lost in the desert. The Marwari breed has long been noted for having exceptional hearing. This enabled the Marwari to catch sounds from further away than most breeds, allowing both horse and rider early warning of impending danger.

The brave Raiput did not always fight solely for land. They went into battle believing that there was no better way to die than on the field. It was on such occasions that the Marwari would become one with their masters. No one could separate the blood that lay clotted together in the sand. There were only three ways a Marwari cavalry horse left a battlefield: one was when if he was victorious, another was when he carried his wounded master to safety, and the last was when he was eaten by vultures after laying down his life for his Master.

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